Makila txikiena
Makila handiena
Uztai txikiena
Uztai handiena
Doinu zaharrak
Punta motz
Ehun eta bikoa

The leader carries a special baton in all the dances comprising the brokel-dantza cycle. The other dantzaris will use implements in six out of the nine dances that make up the series. In fact, each of these dances takes its name from the tool used during it. When the dantzaris use two small sticks, it is the makila txikiena (Dance of the Small Sticks) ; when they use bucklers and long sticks, it is the brokel-makilena (Dance of the Bucklers and Long Sticks); The post with ribbons attached is used to dance the zinta-danza (ribbon dance), and the small arches and long arches to dance the respectively named dances (uztai txikiena and uztai handiena).

         leader´s baton

The baton carried by the leader or director of the group is the leader's makila.
"N.B.: The director, Mr.José Antonio Olano, will signal the start of each part by dancing at the head of the group with a baton similar to that of the drum major”.
That is what was stated in the hand-written programme published for the performance that the brokel-dantza dantzaris put on in Bilbao in 1858. Therefore, the baton of authority brandished by the leader of the dance group is similar to the one used by the drum major. It is a makila or baton, that is decorated in red and white, with a wooden ball on the bottom and bright ribbons hanging from the top. The batons used today are about 45 centimetres long, but longer ones have also been used. In Beasain, the leader of the Loinaz ezpatadantzaris used a similar baton locally known as “bolea”. As is the case in the brokel-dantza, the baton used in recent years in Beasain is smaller.

The buruzagi-makila or leader’s baton is used as a baton of authority. It is used to identify the leader and occasionally to direct the dancers’ performance. For example, once the leader has finished his individual performance, he proceeds to announce the group's performance by raising the baton to the sound of the "deia" (call) played by the txistularis.

         Small sticks

The small sticks are wooden sticks measuring between 30 and 50 centimetres long. The ones that we have used here are 48 centimetres long. Each of the dantzaris will use two small sticks, holding one in each hand. Standing tall, the dantzari moves his elbows outwards a few centimetres and stretches out his forearms until they are parallel to the floor and at a right angle to his body.

         long sticks

They are long wooden sticks that are roughly 1 metre long and 3 or 4 centimetres in diameter. The long sticks used to be painted (usually in red and white), but nowadays they are left bare.

The dantzari balances the staff on the upper part of his body, using his right hand to hold the base in place and grabbing the upper part with his left hand.

         Bucklers and long sticks (or daggers)

The buckler is a small shield or cymbal that the dantzaris hold in their left hand. José Lorenzo Pujana used to teach this dance using tin bukclers and daggers. Some groups still perform it in that way today. Other groups used tin bucklers and small sticks. Finally, there are also groups that only used wooden implements: wooden bucklers and small sticks.

         Small arches

They are light wicker archers, easy to use and sufficiently strong to withstand the blows they receive during the dance.

         long arches

They are arches decorated with flowers and colourful ornaments. Long sticks, measuring a metre and a half in length, are added to either side. Those long sticks are often also decorated in red and white. The arches usually have two sharp points on either end that allow they to be staked into the ground and stop them from falling over.


It is a post between 2 and 3-4 metres long, with ribbons in various colours hanging from the upper end. There are as many ribbons as dancers. Twelve ribbons are used in the Guipuzkoa zinta-dantza. A small kutxa or box with doves inside are often placed on the maypole. The box is opened when the zintza-dantza is finished and the birds fly away.