Deba’s main summer holidays are held on August 16th to honour San Roque and the ezpata-dantza is danced at this coastal town. The dantzaris use sticks decorated with red and white ribbons. Between 10 and 12 dancers from the Gure-Kai dance group perform the dance.
The procession of images of the saints, txistularis, dantzaris and local dignitaries set off in the morning. They make their way towards San Roque chapel, located at the top of Aldatz-goi. They stop along the route at Santa Cruz Chapel, where they dance the ezpata-dantza. After the high mass in San Roque Chapel, the ezpata-dantza is danced and the procession makes its way back to the village. The procession stops at various spots to dance the ezpata-dantza as it makes its way through the town's streets.
Apart from the main performance that takes place on San Roque’s Day, the ezpata-danza is also danced in May to mark the festivity known as Debarren Eguna (Day of the Debarred) This performance takes place in San Roque Chapel after the 11.00 mass.
The aurresku or soka-dantza is danced in Deba during the San Roque festivities in August. On August 16th, the aurresku is usually performed by the dance group that danced the ezpata-dantza on San Roque’s Day. When the ezpata-dantza is completed. the dantzaris and dignitaries gather together under the town hall‘s porch. The mayor leads the dance procession to the square and then the aurresku and atzesku lead the dance. In May, during Debarren Eguna (Deba Day), the aurresku is danced again in the square at midday.
The Day of the Seafarer is celebrated in Deba on August 17th as part of the San Roque festivities. In the afternoon, the locals and holidaymakers dance the aurresku before the bullfight. The local young people and the holidaymakers spending their summer in Deba made up the dance procession on that occasion.
| Jorrai-dantza (hoeing dance) |
The Day of the Seafarer is celebrated in Deba on August 17th, the day after San Roque’s Day, when the Gure-Kai
dance group perfume the jorrai-dantza
in the town’s streets. The group consists of eight dantzaris, two leaders and two wineskin bearers. One leader stands in front of the group and the other behind. The front leader dances the zortziko
and the group then turns round to look at the leader in the rear, who in turn dances the zortziko
. The whole group then hit the ground with the hoes as if they were hoeing and then hit the wineskins with their implements. The dantzaris set off around the streets in the morning and stop from time to time to dance the jorrai-dantza
The Itziar neighbourhood festivities are held during the first week of August. The young people from Itziar dance the aurresku
during the local festivities.
The festivities to honour St. Nicholas are held in the Lastur neighbourhood of Deba on September 10th. On Sunday afternoon of the weekend nearest to that date, the soka-dantza
is dance in Lastur's square.
|Debako Aita San Rokeren Ezpata Dantza |
| ARRINDA ALBISU, Anastasio |
|in Dantzariak, 21, EDB, Bilbo, 1982, 24-30. orr. |
|La religiosidad del pueblo: Deba |
|ETXEBERRIA, Francisco de ||in Anuario de la Sociedad Eusko Folklore, IV, 1924, 87-89. orr. |
|Calendario de fiestas y danzas tradicionales en el País Vasco |
| FERNANDEZ DE LARRINOA, Kepa ||Eusko Jaurlaritza, Vitoria-Gasteiz, 2003 |